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The Spanish bloodlands: Ángel Viñas, warrior historian
Delivery and Returns see our delivery rates and policies thinking of returning an item? See our Returns Policy. Visit our Help Pages. Audible Download Audio Books. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Having lived political institutions from the inside, he has no illusions about the moral caliber of their motivations. Look at France, England, or Germany. But their relative prominence in the postwar years was an anomaly, due to the severe restrictions that the Franco regime placed on Spanish historiography.
Fortunately, the situation has long been normalized. This is no more than logical; after all, almost all the archives are in Spain, and are now almost all accessible. That said, it would be far from me to deny the contributions of non-Spanish historians.
I appreciate their work enormously. Why then his critical attitude toward Payne? In scholarly terms, my level of respect has shrunk.
And what we need at this point is precisely to found historical interpretations on primary evidence from the archives. But that is not the worst part. Although he still operates under the guise of scholarly rigor, Payne today is little more than a product and defender of a conservative view that insists, against all factual evidence, on blaming the Left and the reformist Republicans for the outbreak of the Civil War.
And the protection he grants to the neo-Francoist clowns who call themselves historians, is quite frankly repulsive. The notion, for instance, that the outbreak of the Civil War saved Spain from a descent into social revolution and a future as a Soviet satellite. By this I mean that the Francoists consistently attribute the behavior of their own side to their political or military opponents. Thus, they frame the Republican reaction to the military rebellion as the outcome of a revolutionary project, while in reality it was a spontaneous outburst in response to a carefully planned military uprising greatly abetted by civilian supporters.
They accuse the Republic of requesting foreign—that is, Soviet—assistance in order to impose a totalitarian state, while in truth it was the Monarchists who contracted war material from the Italians before the uprising. They decry the massacre of patriotic Spaniards, when it was the military rebels who immediately began massacring their opponents.
We see the same mechanism at work in the case of the bombing of Guernica in April This has to do in the first place with the fact that it took so long for the archives to be opened up for research. It was only after the death of Franco that the freedom to do research and to write was consecrated. And then, as I have said, there is the problem of the ideological positions of Neo-Francoism, which continue to have an impact. To this day, an historian who disagrees with these positions is likely to be harangued by the Right. In the context of World War II that would be unthinkable.
These efforts are very important. What surprises me is that, despite all the work done, the majority of foreign historians still does not acknowledge the fact that Spain was part of what Timothy Snyder, in reference to Eastern Europe, calls the Bloodlands —the massive victimizing of civilians by powerful military and state structures—albeit under a different constellation and in a different part of Europe. Still, he continues to mentor young historians. He is worried about his country.
The future looks particularly bleak for the Spanish university and academic research. The situation since the transition to democracy has improved somewhat, although not enough. This is a serious failure on the part of the Socialist administrations and even more on the part of the conservative ones.
It has been possible to do good work within the existing structures, and many have done so—although this at times has required a considerable dose of civic courage. Personally I have no right to brag because for professional reasons I was able to work outside of the university for twenty-five years. This allowed me to gain a certain distance and, above all, not depend financially on almost anyone. But I am extremely worried about the future of the Spanish university. Spanish conservatism has entered a regressive, if not reactionary phase, in both economic and ideological terms. The current, ultraconservative government is a genuine disaster.
A whole generation of young researchers will be left in frustration.
Thank you Sebastian F. Thank you Professor Vinas for your profound dedication to elucidate truth in this monumental drama of the SCW. The courage to confront the truth through rigorous research based on primary evidence from the time period, separates genuine historians from propaganda writers.
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It is a source of inspiration to see your commitment to elucidate truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. Your work constitutes a wealth of careful documentation, and I concur with Gabriel Jackson: It seems fair to say that one of the irresistible features of the Second Republic in Spain is the congregated effort of many people in those times to improve the conditions of human beings and society. A global aspiration for the betterment of humanity shared by many people at the time.
El desplome de la RepÃºblica: Ãngel ViÃ±as MartÃn: kyxypeqogoxa.tk: Books
Such shared aspiration was manifested in many ways. But one, particularly thrilling, is the legacy of the thousands of participants not necessarily the hierarchy in the International Brigades.
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A congregation of people from many different countries who left the comforts of their homes and families to put their lives on the line, in defense of such shared aspiration. It constitutes one of the first cases in history when the real people not governments demonstrated international solidarity; when people were able to overcome the destructive influence of the concept of nation-state system. In other words they personally themselves, in their own consciousness were able to grow beyond this concept nation-state , of which its egotistical defense and exploitation the defense of so called national interests has generated so many conflicts, manipulations, deceptions, oppressions and wars … in the history of humanity.
At the same time it is necessary to mention the fundamental seminal work of Antony Cyril Sutton. He wrote the major study: Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development in three volumes , arguing that the West played a major role in developing the Soviet Union from its very beginnings up until recent times. Furthermore, in , Sutton published a popularized, condensed version of the three volumes called National Suicide: